Rudyard Kipling

Introduction

Rudyard Kipling was popular name in world of English novelist, poet and short story writer. When we discuss about Pench history, we talk about Mowgli character of famous "The Jungle Book". It was one of the classics, written by Rudyard Kipling. Those who have seen the movie "The Jungle Book" and when they visit Pench tiger reserve, they will realize that described landscapes in movie are matching to the topography of this tiger reserve. May be you are first time visitor but if you try to correlate them then definitely you will find the connection. This is because that story is written in this tiger reserve and similar matching real-life character was present in this forest area. Today large number of tourists are visits Pench National Park because it has relation with famous "The Jungle Book". The great work done by Sir Rudyard Kipling has made this national park more popular among wildlife lovers and kids.

Early Days

Rudyard Kipling was born on 30/Dec/1865 in Bombay (today's Mumbai). His mother is Alice Kipling and father's name is John Lockwood Kipling. His father was fine sculptor and pottery designer. He was Principal and professor of Architectural Sculpture at Sir Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art. Rudyard Kipling's parents had visited Rudyard Lake in Staffordshire, England and they were so much fascinated with beauty of that lake that, after moving to India, they decided to give this name to their first child and thus Rudyard Kipling was named. It is said that Kipling's birth home as J J School of Arts in Mumbai. Now a days, we will not be able to find the mark. In year 1871, when Kipling was of 05 years age, he and his 3 years old sister were shifted to England for sake of education. For next six years i.e. till 1877, they studied their, away from love and care of their parents. This was the time of mixed experience for Kipling as he and his sister were staying with a couple who was not loving towards both child and it was painful experience for children.

Back to India

Considering Kiplings weak academic ability, his father decided to call him India for job. Here in India, they arranged a job for him in Lahore's Mayo College of Art. Rudyard Kipling reached india on 18/Oct/1882. Here he was in post of Principal and at the same time worked as curator in Lahore Museum. Here he worked for local newspaper "Civil and Military Gazette". Here he got the chance to write short stories and get them published. This gave fame to Kipling and encouraged him to write more. Later Kipling worked for "The Pioneer" which is sister newspaper of "Civil and Military Gazette". He spend some time in this newspaper and later left the job, due to some disputes.

After India

On 09/Mar/1889, Kipling left India, on his way to London. Here he wrote many stories for magazines. Here he wrote the novel "The Light that Failed". After this, he visited many countries, including India, where he spend sometime with his parents to celebrate Christmas. In 18/June/1891, he married to Carrie Balestier. At that time, Kipling's age was 26 years and Carrie age was of 29 years. She was sister of his friend Wolcott Balestier. After marriage, they moved to United States. Here they settled in Vermont, on a small cottage. Early stories of Jungle Book were written here. Later they shifted to large house and writing work continues. During his Lahore days, Kipling was impressed with Naulakha pavilion of Lahore fort and thus named his house "Naulakha". It was also the title of one of its novel. Here he spend some valuable time of his life and became father of his children.

The Jungle Book

Rudyard Kipling's classic "The Jungle Book" is a collection of jungle stories. This book was published in year 1894 but Kipling was working on it since year 1892. This was the year, when its first poster was revealed. Although the stories are fictitious but not so far from reality. Its main character is Mowgli who was jungle-boy, bought up in company of wolves. All the stories moves around this character. In reality similar jungle-boy was noticed in year 1834 at jungles of Seonee in Madhya Pradesh state of Central India. It is part of Pench tiger reserve. British officer Captain Moore first captured this boy from jungle and bought him to human society. It was Sir William Henry Sleeman who first wrote about this boy and his circumstances in his book which was a written proof that such boy was present in reality. Rudyard Kipling was in US when he wrote this book and their is no evidence that he had ever visited Central Indian forest. He himself have accepted that he has take the idea from other sources which could be the written material of William Henry Sleeman and others. While visiting Pench, we will come across many myths like their is a wooden cottage in Pench forest, where Kipling spend sometime and wrote "The Jungle Book". Some people links Rudyard Kipling with Kanha national park forest where as some says he visited Pench forest but their is no written evidence of any such visit. Still one thing is true that such boy was present, he was bought up in company of wolves and such landscapes can be seen their. Close to Seonee town in Central India, we will find Amodagarh area which was said to the place where real-life Mowgli boy was found and caught. In this region, we can find the valley, waterbody, cave, thick jungle etc. Even local villagers confirms the fact that such boy was caught from this region.

Nobel Laureate

In year 1896, Kipling left US and returned back to England and continue his work In year 1907, he was awarded with Nobel Prize for literature in Stockholm on 10/Dec/1907. He was nominated in that year by Charles Oman, a professor at the University of Oxford. Rudyard Kipling was the first English language recipient, since its inception.

Loss of Son

Rudyard Kipling write some propaganda stories and books in support of UK government. His son John Kipling, at the age of 18 years, participated in Battle of Loos and died in Sept 1915. It was a major setback for Rudyard Kipling. He had developed a guilt in his self-conscious because John had poor eyesight and was earlier rejected from selection on medical ground but using his influence, Rudyard Kipling get him selected. After death of son, Rudyard believed that he was responsible for this loss as he didn't disclose the eye-sight problem to his friend who helped in selection of John in Irish Guards. If he didn't lied, John may not get selected and could have live long.

Death

Rudyard Kipling died at the age of 70 years on 18/Jan/1936. He had problem in small intestine and underwent surgery but couldn't survive. Reason given by doctors was perforated duodenal ulcer. He was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium.

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