Satpura National Park

Introduction
Satpura National Park is one of India’s finest Tiger reserves, and was the winner in 2010 of the TOFT Wildlife Tourism Award for 'most visitors friendly' wildlife destinations. Situated in the range of Satpura in Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh, Satpura National Park is a pristine wildlife habitat that is spread over an area of 524 sq. km. These Highlands were one of the last places to be 'uncovered' by the English Raj's authorities in the early 1860’s, but also, due to the rapid Teak deforestation at the time, one of the first reserves in the world, Bori Sanctuary, to be formally declared. It was first introduced by the popular bird watcher Dr. Salim Ali in the year 1981. In the same year, the park covers an area of 1427 sq km by adjoining Bori Sanctuary (486 sq km) and Pachmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary(417 sq km), making a unique central Indian highland ecosystem. By the year 1999, the park was added to Tiger Project Network and became Bodi-Satpura Tiger Reserve. Well, this place captivates one who is keen interested in archaeology as there are plenty of rock shelters of ancient period that are embellished with beautiful paintings. Satpura National Park, being part of a rich Central Indian forest ecosystem, is rich in biodiversity. The wildlife comprises tiger, leopard, sambar deer, chital deer, nilgai, four-horned and chinkara antelope, Gaur (wild cow), wild boar, packs of wild dog, good sloth bear sightings, fox, porcupine, flying squirrel, mouse deer, and the colorful Indian Giant squirrel. Mugger crocodiles bask in the many coves. There are a huge variety of birds including lots of water birds, hornbill and peacocks aplenty. The flora consists of mainly of Sal and famous Bori Teak forests, but also includes Tendu, Mahua and Bel trees, a variety of bamboo species, and a variety of grasses and medicinal plants. Satpura is a little visited park in Madhya Pradesh, but its one distinguishing feature is the ability to walk within its boundaries, accompanied by local guides, something not possible to do in most Tiger reserves in India.

History
Satpura National Park is nurtured in the Satpura Range of Hoshangabad district in Madhya Pradesh. With inclusion of Pachmarhi & Bori Sanctuaries, Satpura Tiger Reserve it covers 1427 km2. It came into light by British Officer Captain J. Forsyth when he was in action against Indian freedom fighter during 1857. Captain Forsyth belongs to Bengal Cavalry Regiment and was in search of famous freedom fighter Tantya Tope. While following the information, he accidently reached the highlands of Central India and fined the place suitable for military base. Satpura National Park first introduced by the popular bird watcher Dr. Salim Ali in the year 1981. At that time, the park covers an area of 1427 sq km by adjoining Bori Sanctuary (486 sq km) and Pachmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary(417 sq km), making a unique central Indian highland ecosystem. By the year 1999, the park was added to Tiger Project Network and became Bodi-Satpura Tiger Reserve.

Conservation History
The national park was established in the year 1981 and acquires an area of 524 Sq kms in the total area. The forest bears the plantations of Sal, teak; bamboo and mahogany are the main evergreen plantations that give the forest a different look and add life to the forest. There are various Conservation History of Satpura National Park made for the wild animals and plants. Authority has taken measures to stop hunting or causing any harm to the animals, birds and reptiles. On the other hand deforestation has been stopped completely and so that more migratory birds and other domestic birds can come and built the nest.

Climate
The national park is situated 331 mts above the sea level. Being situated in an altitude this district of Madhya Pradesh neither experience too hot nor too cold. The national park is the place where you can spot the wild animals in their respective ambience. The topography, the climate, the flora and fauna of the place is really distinct and ideal for all kinds of birds, wild animals and birds. Migratory birds come and visit the place in the winters when you can experience the soothing sound of the colorful razz who make the place so colonized. In the summer days the place experiences the temperature of 32°C in average and in winter the temperature falls to 20°C in average.

Flora
Satpura National park is the place where tourists can experience the varied flora of Madhya Pradesh, the evergreen deciduous forest with lush green flora and typical vegetation create a perfect surroundings and so that makes the tourists get the true essence of forest. The vegetation of Satpura Park looks striking with 1300 species of flora including teak, sal, tendu, mahua, bel, bamboos, grasses, bushes, and many other medicinal plants with therapeutic and medicinal properties are also widespread over here. Here we can find many rare plant species also which have high medicinal values.

Fauna
The fauna of Satpura National Park is a stunning jungle treat for wildlife enthusiasts. One can enjoy spotting different species of animals like Leopard, Tiger, Chital, Nilgai, Four-horned antelope, Bhedki, Rhesus macaque, Hanuman Langur, Chinkara, Wild boar, Black-buck, Jungle Fox, Flying Squirrel, Indian joint squirrel, Sloth Bear to name a few. Apart from these, there is also a huge species of birds like Malabar Pied Hornbills, Crested Hawk eagles, Honey buzzards, Paradise Flycatchers, Thrushes, Pheasants, Peafowl, to name a few. The Fauna of Satpura National Park is a stunning jungle treat for wildlife enthusiasts.

Satpura National Park Jungle Activities
Satpura national park is well known for varying jungle activities which make this park special among wildlife lovers. Apart from regular jeep safaris, their are many more activities to do here. Let us check them:

Jeep Safaris:

No. of Jeeps is limited and therefore guests are encouraged to share the jeeps and opt for alternative safari options. Jeep Safari Timing: Morning at 6:30 am to 9:30 am and afternoon: 03.30 pm to 06.30 pm Permits: The park safaris are booked on the spot by the hotels. Photo ID proof {passport copy (overseas and Indian Nationals), voters ID, Pan Card, driving license} Open Oct 15th to 30th June. Park remains closed from 1st July to 15th Oct.

Boating Safari:

Apart from Jeep Safar & elephant safari, Park management offers boating also in Denwa River. It is charged service offered to visitors for which a sum of fee is required to be deposited into safari booking counter. Boat ride offers good chance to witness scenic beauty of Satpura hill and forests, chance to do sighting of crocodiles and even mammals sighting grazing close to river water. Similar to park management, some resorts also offers boat ride to its guests as an extra activity to do during stay.

Elephant Safari:

Satpura chains a small herd of riding elephants which are especially used for spotting tigers and then put on a 'tiger show', which is organized by park management during Monday Safari. For Tiger Show, you need to pay a fixed fee to the official then only you are allowed to spot tigers or to do photography.

Walking Safari:

Here tourists have the option to undertake nature walking safari also. It is organized in company of trained naturalist in buffer zone area where visitors can undertake walking safari of 5-10kms. It is another best way to explore the nature at our own pace.

How to reach

By Air :

Satpura national park nearest airport is Bhopal airport, about 180 Km. It is well connected by road option. Bhopal airport is well connected by road to Satpura National Park. Jabalpur airport is about 230 km from Satpura National Park.

By Rail:

Nearest railway station is Sohagpur railway station, about 18 Km from the Satpura National Park. Sohagpur railway station is well connected by road to Satpura National Park.

By Road:

Satpura National Park is well connected to Major Cities and Places by road network. There are a number of government and privately operated vehicles that go to Satpura National Park at frequent intervals. The nearest bus station to Pachmarhi is 5 km. away.

Best time to visit
Satpura National Park, which is located in the Satpura Range of Hoshangabad district in Madhya Pradesh, is open for visitors from 16th October to 30th June. During this time, visitors can enjoy safari rides and boating in Satpura National Park. It is closed for visitors from 1st July till 15th October. Satpura National Park has a total coverage area of about 524 km2. Let us know Satpura national park safari timing information. The National Park is open from morning 06:30 to 17:00. Visitors can go for safari from 06:30 to 11:00 in the morning, 15:30 to 17:00hrs in the evening and full day safari can be done from 06:30-17:00hrs. According to change in season and sunrise-sunset timing, park management regulates the park opening & closing timings. Park management retains the right to change the opening & closing time as per circumstances.

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